What is the impact of tutoring and summer learning on student achievement?

Research suggests that a high-dosage tutor (three times per week for a full school year) can generate the equivalent of a year’s worth of learning. 

Six weeks of summer school can produce the equivalent of a quarter year of learning in math. 

When are state assessment scores usually returned to students and families? What other measures of achievement exist?

Most states release their assessment results too late for district leaders to factor them into funding decisions and for families to take advantage of summer learning opportunities.

Despite administering state assessments in April or May, most states do not release their results until months later. In 2022, only 15 states released their results by the end of August, when it was too late for districts and states to consider the scores in their funding formulas for the year or for families to enroll their children in summer learning opportunities. 

This timeline is even more crucial this year as federal relief dollars must be spent or allocated by September 2024.

Districts and schools should utilize other indicators of proficiency to make informed spending decisions while they wait for state tests. Such indicators include:

  • Large-scale assessments (e.g., P/SAT, NAEP, etc.)
  • Benchmark and diagnostic assessments (e.g., MAP Growth, i-Ready, Lexile, etc.)
  • Classroom-based assessments (unit and lesson assessments)

Districts and schools must also use these indicators of proficiency to inform families of their child’s academic progress. Research shows that 9 in 10 parents believe their child is at or above grade level. When families don’t know that their children are struggling, they do not access crucial resources like summer school or after-school tutoring. 

What privacy laws do state and district leaders need to consider when contacting students?

Federal privacy laws permit schools to disclose directory information about a student, such as their address or telephone number, as long as schools tell parents and eligible students about the directory information and allow them a “reasonable amount of time” to require that the school not disclose discretionary information about them. While state data systems house information on which students have graduated, and many states have implemented longitudinal data systems that track which students enroll in college, the law requires that school districts reach out to recent high school graduates.